The problem of pollution has increased manifold in the last few months and we find ourselves completely out of mechanisms and design to control this problem and increasingly calibration of disease especially in a city like Delhi. Nobody can deny the fact that increasing pollution is causing huge health hazards and adding dimension to an already furious problem of COVID. Health and associated issues have come in the forefront and so is the issue of pollution. One of the major factors to increase the pollution levels in National capital region has been the problem of scientific management of solid waste .
It cannot be denied that India has aggressively taken up the issue of solid waste in municipalities post 2014 and brought in more than 4000 cities under the Swaach survey parameters and has endeavored to reduce pollution in many cities. However in highly concentrated cities like Delhi and its Capital region like Noida Faridabad and Ghaziabad the PM levels are continually showing an upward movement.
Solid waste becomes one of the major sources for pollutants and the undercurrents of methanisation. Some of the health effects due to the mismanagement caused in solid waste are changes in the bronchial reactivity and minor respiratory symptoms like cough and reduction in lung function and eventually causing lung cancer in severe cases. In present cold condition this has increased chances of health even due to cardiac arrests.
We are not really proposing that other factors like vehicular increase or crop burning has not exacerbated this problem but on a micro level solid waste does cause immense damage and increases pollutant substantially on a spurt basis in the environment. Toxicity in the city of Delhi has increased dramatically due to waste burning and non segregation of waste at source level
Well the whole idea is elaborate on solid waste increasing being responsible for increase in sulphur and nitrogenous content in the environment through waste burning and non conversion of waste into a substance of value i.e. compost or organic fertiliser or refuse derived fuel an a green equivalent of thermal coal.
Waste reduction optimisation and circularisation becomes an effective to ensure conversion of waste into products for sale like organic fertilizer or electricity, even corporates can take vital initiatives in their corporate social responsibility mould for enhancing circular economics for waste control in turn bringing the pollution level to a perspective. Producer responsibility can also have a major effect of curtailing pollution from waste at source especially in factories around National capital region.
Latest innovations in solid waste Municipal technologies especially the requirement to convert 100 percent of the NCR waste that amounts to approx. 15000 tons per day of waste generation that itself is approximately 10 percent of the countries waste is imperative. Following a research and development model for developing new technology for waste conversation into electricity compost green coal refuse derived fuel and diesel and plastics granules will help to minimise the effect of pollution in the city of Delhi Gurgaon Ghaziabad Noida and Faridabad.
Even the when we look at Landfills around NCR like Ghazipur where persistent organic pollutants has become a major problem and causing immense damage to ecology and crisis of health especially for waste collectors like Kabariwala.