Road Accidents on National Highways in India

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INDIACSR News Network

NEW DELHI: The number of road accidents on National Highways particularly in Hilly States throughout the country decreased marginally for the years 2007 and 2008 but again increased during the year 2009. However, the number of road accidents in Himachal Pradesh has shown decreasing trend during the same period. Road accident data is compiled in the Ministry of Road Transport & Highways in a format developed as per the Asia Pacific Road Accident Database (APRAD) project of United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia Pacific (UNESCAP).  In this format, specific NH-wise data of road accidents is not compiled.

The safety of road users is primarily the responsibility of the concerned State Governments. However, Ministry of Road Transport & Highways has taken certain steps to enhance safety of road users including those in  hilly areas. Some of the important steps taken by this Ministry in this regard are indicated below:

i. Road safety included as an integral part of road design at planning stage.
ii. Various steps to enhance road safety such as road furniture, road markings/road signs, introduction of Highway Traffic Management System using Intelligent Transport System, enhancement of discipline among contractors during construction, road safety audit on selected stretches, have been undertaken by National Highways Authority of India (NHAI).
iii. Refresher training to Heavy Motor Vehicle drivers in the unorganized sector is being implemented by the Ministry since 1997-98 under Plan activities.
iv. Model Institutes of Driving Training & Research are being set up in the States as a Central Sector Scheme.
v. Publicity campaign on road safety awareness is being carried out regularly both through the audio-visual and print media.
vi. Tightening of safety standards of vehicles like Seat Belts, Power-steering, rear view Mirror etc. in alignment with Global Technical Regulation.
vii. Providing cranes and ambulances to various State Governments/NGOs under National Highway Accident Relief Service Scheme. NHAI also provides ambulances at a distance of 50 Km. on each of its completed stretches of National Highways under its Operation & Maintenance contracts.
viii. Widening and improvements of National Highways from 2 lanes to 4 lanes and 4  lanes to 6 lanes  etc.
ix. Providing road safety kits to Schools/Transport/Police authorities for better awakening and consciousness of road safety issues.
x. Celebration of Road Safety week (1st – 7th January) every year across the country involving important stakeholders, to emphasise its importance and publicise various road safety issues.

ROAD ACCIDENTS IN HILLY STATES

Sl.No. States/UTs

Total Number of Road Accidents on National Highways*

Total Number of Persons Killed in Road Accidents on National Highways*
   

2007

2008

2009

2007

2008

2009

1 2

3

4

5

6

7

8

1 Andhra Pradesh

13040

12327

11856

4370

4172

4655

2 Arunachal Pradesh

67

101

113

23

28

49

3 Assam

2334

2683

2808

983

1245

1275

4 Bihar

3159

3862

4305

1555

1868

1993

5 Chhattisgarh

3421

4001

4622

790

1002

1093

6 Goa

1398

1593

1467

143

134

125

7 Gujarat

7253

7025

6640

1812

1857

1958

8 Haryana

4042

3990

4086

1765

1775

1800

9 Himachal Pradesh

1947

1080

1066

585

258

324

10 Jammu & Kashmir

2385

2365

2637

404

487

446

11 Jharkhand

1718

1860

1894

746

882

455

12 Karnataka

13310

12949

13893

2921

2838

3147

13 Kerala

11000

9997

9425

1453

1403

1373

14 Madhya Pradesh

10468

10359

10769

1857

1909

2198

15 Maharashtra

13563

13866

12911

3148

3662

3359

16 Manipur

307

292

320

63

81

61

17 Meghalaya

153

186

235

77

73

100

18 Mizoram

23

58

45

12

35

30

19 Nagaland

121

36

37

49

31

28

20 Orissa

3699

3635

4216

1389

1472

1769

21 Punjab

2240

1903

1684

1346

1149

1140

22 Rajasthan

8218

7811

7932

3059

3495

3432

23 Sikkim

38

47

211

12

15

22

24 Tamil Nadu

19910

19158

21198

4430

4417

5282

25 Tripura

445

270

295

124

65

90

26 Uttarakhand

788

818

792

504

634

475

27 Uttar Pradesh

8105

9795

10917

4580

5210

5958

28 West Bengal

4343

4621

4714

2026

2115

2143

  UTs
1 Andaman & Nicobar Islands

0

37

54

0

6

9

2 Chandigarh

99

89

64

45

36

35

3 Dadra & Nagar Haveli

0

0

0

0

0

0

4 Daman & Diu

0

0

0

0

0

0

5 Delhi

956

875

796

286

278

329

6 Lakshadweep

0

0

0

0

0

0

7 Puducherry

372

306

509

55

38

69

  Total

138922

137995

142511

40612

42670

45222

 

 *:  Includes Expressways

 

 

 

 

 

ROAD ACCIDENTS IN STATES AND UNION TERRITORIES

 

Sl. No.

States/UTs

Total Number of Road Accidents in States/UTs

Total Number of Persons Killed in Road Accident in States/UTs

 

 

2007

2008

2009

2007

2008

2009

1

2

3

4

5

4

5

6

1 Andhra Pradesh

44325

42657

43600

13549

13812

14770

2 Arunachal Pradesh

240

280

306

95

134

158

3 Assam

4403

4683

4869

1604

1807

1991

4 Bihar

7774

8991

10065

3482

3940

4390

5 Chhattisgarh

12296

12945

12888

2607

2966

2865

6 Goa

4020

4178

4165

322

318

321

7 Gujarat

33623

33671

31034

6915

7070

6983

8 Haryana

11998

11596

11915

4415

4494

4603

9 Himachal Pradesh

2955

2756

3051

979

848

1140

10 Jammu & Kashmir

5864

5326

5945

958

950

1100

11 Jharkhand

5285

4985

4996

2081

1979

2170

12 Karnataka

46363

46279

45190

8777

8814

8714

13 Kerala

39917

37263

35433

3778

3901

3830

14 Madhya Pradesh

41981

43852

47267

6671

6670

7365

15 Maharashtra

73661

75527

71996

11212

12397

11396

16 Manipur

538

573

578

114

151

125

17 Meghalaya

300

294

398

127

123

145

18 Mizoram

77

110

86

50

63

60

19 Nagaland

239

76

63

89

70

55

20 Orissa

8213

8181

8887

3000

3079

3527

21 Punjab

5208

5115

5570

3363

3206

3668

22 Rajasthan

23885

23704

25114

8145

8388

9045

23 Sikkim

150

196

564

52

79

87

24 Tamil Nadu

59140

60409

60794

12036

12784

13746

25 Tripura

801

767

865

223

221

229

26 Uttarakhand

1529

1417

1401

992

1073

852

27 Uttar Pradesh

21522

25684

28155

11398

13165

14638

28 West Bengal**

11660

12206

11134

4745

4789

4860

  UTs
1 Andaman & Nicobar Islands

173

191

271

23

22

33

2 Chandigarh

534

482

424

151

148

171

3 Dadra & Nagar Haveli

116

116

79

66

65

45

4 Daman & Diu

60

50

63

29

29

33

5 Delhi

8620

8435

7516

2141

2093

2325

6 Lakshadweep

2

12

4

0

0

2

7 Puducherry

1744

1697

1698

255

212

218

  Total

479216

484704

486384

114444

119860

125660

  ** Excluding Kolkatta city

 

 

 

 

 

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