By Prabhat Kumar Thakur
The motivation for writing this article came from the education of agriculture use as told by my mother. This time when I went to my city during holidays, I saw my mother touching gourd flowers from one flower to other. It seemed me a very strang thing.
When I asked the reason she told me that when the bees disappear, the flowers come in grounds and other plants but the fruits are not formed. When this continuation continued some one advised her to pluck a flower for the fertilization process, try to mix the pollen grains with other flowers.
The did so, and many trees started to bear fruits, there was a huge increase in the production of vegetables. It was clear that in the absence of bees, many farmer are struggling with a great reduction in the yield of vegetables despite good seeds, irrigation. Fertilizers and hard work.
In a small garden you can try to fertilize with hands to some extent but this can be only 5% of the fertilization done by lees. It is clear that for the fertilization process in large garden and farms we are depend on bees butterflies, glow worms and birds.
Who has lost bees from cities and villages. In search of this matter in Delhi the author found that honey bee hive are in vote club, around the court premises of Parliament, Delhi secretariat, Rail Bhawan and in parts situated in New Delhi but there is lack of bee hives in areas where there is farming by finding reason, it is known that in the areas where honey bee hives are, there is plenty of clean water and flowers but where there is farming, the pesticides and polluted water have removed them from there.
Researches found in the invertigation that the use of pesticides is ejecting them from fields and cities, firstly pesticides was being used on thick grains then it was started to be used in vegetables farming and not it is being used in orchyard, be it is leechi, mango, orange, guava or apple, perhaps, there is no safe place for bees except forests.
There for the flowers are having trouble producing fruits, vegetable and fruits gardens are not able to give full crop to the farmers. When people like us do not have knowledge of these things then how can be hope for such information in the farmers. This s a self destructive new disaster so that both the farmer and the government are unaware.
We all have real about the fruits formed by the fertilization method in class 7th and 8th but we have fouled to bring their importance into our life we studied and passed and also forgot that is why we can say that instead of being promoted by science by the educated society and bringing it into daily life, keep these bees closed in our mind, has become a major cause of the destruction of these bees and the poor conelition of the bees.
Studies of making fruit from flowers by fertilization process, we have come to know that bees contributes 65% and rest 35% done by butterfly birds, bats etc in this process. It means bees contributes in forming fruits from flowers two third part. When bees go from one flowers to other the pallen get compressed on their feet, when they rit on other flower pollen grain reach there it is a natural process which is not suitable for science or insecticidal companies. Production is not possible in farms and orchafard unless bees are there. That is why the role of bees is that of fruit donor, which we have to honour.
When insect poison is sprinkled in the garden it spreads in the air and gets mixed in the soil and ultimately dissolves in water the bees birds and butterflies come in effect gradually due to law production farmers are also toubled financially. Its mixing in water and air gradually take the extirs area in its grip. If research is done, it well also find a major reason for the reasons for the locs of farmers in many villages and provines of.
There is no special comparative research has done on the advantage and disadvantage in our country. After research on various types of insect position in foreign countress it has been banned due to its bad effect the EU has banned neonix in 2013. Paraquat has been banned by China and EU respectively in 2012 and 2007. In our neighbouring countries like Sri Lank and China insect poison has been banned. Unfortunately, the scientist, writer, leader who debated in the names of farmers has been unable to show any meaningful debate, research awareness on these types of losses.
Today when there in a debabe on organie farming there is a need to consider how to prevent the destruction of bees by this kind of insect position while on one hand to stop the destruction of bees, on the other they have to keep them near fields and gardens so that they may help us to transform more flowers into fruits and provide us honey. For this natural process we have to rely on bees.
So we can be able to them better surrounded by arranging clean water and food .Bees need flowers to pollinate, trees for making kines and water for hives water which is an important matter is carried to the hive by laboring bees and deposit in the various holes in the hive. They use water to make wet the five instead of quenching their thirst. They do not like to bring water far distance because they use their energy in collecting pollen grains.
That is why to bring back bees in our garden and find and get honey:
- Do not sprinkle inset poison.
- Plant neem, gular, mahua semind trees on barren and empty land.
- Make a small water sources of clean water in which any kind of soap, fertilizer of insect fest in not mired only then bees will receive the water.
- If you want to arrange water for them around fields or gardens, then fill clay pot of 16 – 20 inches or a bucket of 15 liters and but in a wood or a piece of thermocoul which can float. Bees can use water sitting on it.
- Come and let information spread in farmers and coming generation rapidly then we will able to check the plight of bees, their returning and these will be huge growth in yield.
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