Profit Sharing Formula for Mining Sector in India

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INDIACSR News Network

NEW DELHI: The Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 does not provide for any profit sharing formula between Government and local people. However, the Government has proposed a provision for sharing of benefits with the local population in the draft Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Bill (MMDR bill), 2011, which would enable monetary benefit to families affected by mining related activities, and creation, management and maintenance of local infrastructure in areas affected by mining related operations. The draft provision provides for:

a. suitable compensation for all exploration activities to be payable to the person or family holding occupation or usufruct or traditional rights on the area of exploration,

b. all Mining Lease holders, including public sector undertakings and private sector companies to pay annually into a District Mineral Foundation set up at District level –

i. a sum equivalent to royalty in case of major minerals (other than coal)

ii. a sum equivalent to 26% of profit in case of coal minerals;

iii. and in case of minor minerals a sum prescribed by the State Government.

c. a portion of the amount paid into the District Mineral Foundation shall be used to make recurring payments to people affected by mining related operations.

d. all mining companies to allot at least one share at par to each person of the family affected by mining, so as to give a sense of ownership in the enterprise.

e. all mining companies to provide employment or other compensation as stipulated under Rehabilitation &Resettlement policy.

It is also proposed in the draft MMDR Bill, 2011 that the National Mining Regulatory Authority (NMRA) would be empowered to advise the Government to review the rates of royalty on major minerals (other than coal, lignite and sand for stowing) and the profit sharing percentage and recommend revision of rates of royalty and profit sharing percentage to be paid by the mining lease holder from time to time.

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