Corporate Frauds: 238 Companies Identified as ‘Vanishing Companies’


IndiaCSR News Network

NEW DELHI: 238 companies were identified as ‘Vanishing Companies’. They had raised funds through Public issues and had stopped filing financial statements and annual returns with the concerned regulators. Of these, 128 companies were removed from this category and placed under a ‘Watch List’, as they had started filing their financial statements and annual returns.

CSR Seminar on CSR Law at RaipurMinister of Corporate Affairs, Shri Arun Jaitley informed in a written reply to a question in Lok sabha on July 18, 2014.

“In addition, 32 companies are presently under liquidation. As on date, there are 78 companies that continue to be classified as ‘vanishing companies’. The total amount of Public Issues made by these 78 companies comes to approximately Rs 310.21 crores.”, he informed.

“Companies Act, 2013 contains various provisions to protect investors. Views of all stakeholders including professionals, financial institutions, banking sector, CII etc. were invited and taken into consideration before enactment of the Companies Act, 2013.”, Minister informed.

The provisions for protection of investors, as under the Companies Act, 2013, inter alia, include:

i) Enhanced disclosure norms so that investors get all relevant information from companies;
ii) “Fraud” defined for the first time as a substantive offence, and cover many dubious activities which were not specifically covered under the Companies Act, 1956;
iii) Serious Fraud Investigation Office (SFIO) has been granted statutory status with adequate powers.
iv) Provisions for attachment and disgorgement of assets.
v) Auditors’ accountability and independence enhanced through provisions which inter alia include rotation of auditors, etc. This would improve objectivity of audit and provide better insights to the investors;

A Market Research and Analysis Unit (MRAU) has been set up in the Serious Fraud Investigation Office (SFIO) with the objectives of analyzing media reports relating to financial frauds and for conducting market surveillance of such corporates. In order to strengthen MRAU’s functioning, an Expert Committee was constituted and on the basis of its recommendations a forensic lab with appropriate technology and skilled technical manpower has been set up in SFIO.

The Ministry organizes investor awareness programmes regularly in association with the three professional institutes – Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI), Institute of Cost Accountants of India (ICAI) and Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI) in various cities under the aegis of Investor Education and Protection Fund (IEPF). The programmes are held for creating awareness and empowerment amongst investors. Since 2012-13, MCA has also started organizing such programmes in rural areas through CSC e-Governance Services India Ltd., an entity under Department of Electronics and Information Technology. 2897 such programmes were organised during the year 2013-14, under the IEPF.


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