Alarming water crises and pollution in Chhattisgarh


What we are doing in the field of “Energy Management”? It’s one of the most blazing questions right now. Today we really have a mindset or plan for the pollution caused of Energy Production? No, we do not have, but should soon find it out. That’s the thing people needs to consider on Energy day – 2010” said M.C.Jain, an internationally recognized energy consultant over Energy Day’2010.

Several new power plants to be installed in the state, about 24000 MW total capacity.  Adverse effect on environment and water availability. 

Mr. Jain, a recognized Energy Consultant & Energy Auditor of  CREDA, Chhattisgarh asserted that the related ministry has provided acceptance for 20000 MW electricity production projects in the state. As now these projects are being implemented, a terrifying picture is emerging on the scene.

It’s true that Chhattisgarh would be come a power hub with the production, but on the flipside if the pollution caused by these projects is not properly managed, the state would certainly become a carbon hub as well. Consequently the entire atmosphere would be filled with black smoke, which would lead to the occurrence numerous fatal disease & water scarcity.

Mr. Jain explain that 800 grams of coal is consumed in order to produce just a single unit of electricity & about similar quantity of carbon dioxide is emitted every hour in the process. According to this ration about 16000 tonnes of carbon dioxide would be emitted every hour once 20000 MW electricity production gets underway.

Besides this the production of waste namely fly ash would only further deteriorate the scenario. Suppose there is 30% of ash in coal, then total amount of ash would be produced at the rate of 5000 tonnes per hour.

If assumed yearly production is of 8000 hours, the total 4 crore tonnes of ash and about 13 crore tonnes of carbon dioxide would be emitted every year, added Mr. Jain.

With another UMPP of 4000 MW at Sauguja, the thermal generating capacity is stated to be 30,000 MW as against projected requirement of 6000 MW by next decade. Per capita consumption of electricity is considered as index of economic development. Ours shall be shocking reversal.

1 MW generate 1000 units hourly. Every unit generated consumes 0.8 kg of coal leaving behind waste as ash 0.3 kg, hot gases 5 kg, some quantity of Sox, Nox and CO. Amazingly every unit consumes 5 liter of water. Massive land for projects & tower is also lost.

Till recently, centrally controlled commodity (Coal) was exported from state along with ash, hot gases, pollutant etc. to the respective states. Our water share was not exported, Good!!

Pure pollution free, workable energy shall be exported leaving behind double the amount of equivalent waste heat. This massive heat left behind will heat up the environment locally, more during the still environment of summer. Indirect effect of massive CO2 pandal allows short wave radiation  to reach earth surface but long wave radiation are blocked causing warming. Also contributing to Global Warming.

Considering state will continue its normal share of rain water, massive quantity of water shall be circumvented through TPP thereby drying the states crop producing commodity (water). Substituting water by pollutant will drastically reduce crop productivity.

Almost all the water bodies drying during each peak summer environment will be left with hot & dry air and humidity level necessary for healthy living of human being shall be deprived off. Pure energy exported shall be used by them to run AC’s whereas CG people shall be striving hard to put water in cooler. So no use of electricity handling hot dry air, without water in cooler.

Balance of states will be diverting saved water for non polluted land irrigation thereby increased crop productivity & healthy environment. Per capita consumption of other states will increased leading to economic prosperity. CG will be left with massive pollutant, dried water bodies & lost land. Infertility, Pollution & diseases will make life miserable.

Products of combustion contains alarming level of mercury. Massive amount of ash possesses a Mercury poisoning threat.

Horrifying per year Statistics i.e. 30,000 MW, 252 billion units of electricity 202 billion Kg coal, 68 billion kg ash, 227 billion Kg CO2, 1134 billion Kg hot gases through stock, 1260 billion liter water, tones of Nox, Sox & Mercury. Million acre of land for power plant , housing & transmission tower.

Going by the proposed benefits, they  seems to be meager & soon we will be white faced. States growth shall be in proportion to the use of clean electricity locally, & certainly not by producing pollutant with loss of water & land resources.

Plant & Machinery supply by other state people, Maintenance, intelligence & logistics by them, Automated controls reduces the employment of local manpower. This will create situation like mute spectator to silent self death for Chhattisgari.

Now, the question comes that what instructions have the state government passed to the power producers in order to deal with this complicated problem, added Jain, a recognized Energy Consultant of Bureau of Energy Efficiency, Ministry of Power.

Mr. Jain informed that carbon dioxide emission could be absorbed by planting tress. As per study, different trees have variable capacity of absorbing the gas ranging between 75 Kg to 900 Kg per year. In this way even if we plant higher capacity tress than 15 crore trees would have to be planted in order to absorb 13 crore tonnes of carbon dioxide. And the required area for planting tress would be 80000 acres, he further mentioned.

The million dollar question here comes that how this imagination could be brought into practice, and moreover hundred acre of land would be needed to decompose 4 crore tonnes of ash.

Mr. Jain stated ”going through all the above facts we could only hope that the government might have an appropriate plan for all the upcoming pollution related problems.

It’s a high time to awaken and rethink on massive power generation projects for the safe & better future of C.G.

( M.C.Jain is a Energy Auditor / Consultant and Chairman SEEM, Chhattisgarh Chapter and Ratan Bagade, Power Plant Expert, Ex. Supdtt. Engineer, Maharastra State Electricity Board.)

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